Updated on 13 December 2013

Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure, sometimes called arterial hypertension, is a chronicmedical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated


“Blood pressure” is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. If this pressure rises and stays high over time, it can damage the body in many ways.

High blood pressure (HBP) is a serious condition that can lead to coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and other health problems

  • Headaches (particularly at the back of the head and in the morning)Hypertension_2
  • LightheadednessHypertension_3
  • Vertigo
  • TinnituHypertension_4s
  • Coronary Heart DiseaseHypertension_5
  • Stroke Hypertension_6
  • Kidney failure Hypertension_7

Categories for Blood Pressure Levels in Adults (measured in millimeters of mercury, or mmHg)

Category Systolic
(top number
(bottom number)
Normal Less than 120 And Less than 80
Prehypertension 120–139 Or 80–89
High blood pressure
Stage 1 140–159 Or 90–99
Stage 2 160 or higher Or 100 or higher

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism (An underactive thyroid)

  • Fatigue, exhaustion
  • Feeling run down and sluggish
  • Depression, moodiness
  • Difficulty concentrating, brain fog
  • Unexplained or excessive weight gain
  • Dry, coarse and/or itchy skin
  • Dry, coarse and/or thinning hair
  • Feeling cold, especially in the extremities
  • Constipation
  • Muscle cramps
  • Increased menstrual flow
  • More frequent periods
  • Infertility/miscarriage
  • Low blood pressure